Tag Archives: linux

framebuffer for Gentoo

Τελικα δεν αντεξα και ενεργοποιησα το framebuffer για το Gentoo. Ε, αλλος αερας... Χωρος, πολυς χωρος!

Για τα ελληνικα σε κονσολα (και σκετη, και σε framebuffer):

- εχω στο .bash_profile τα εξης:

export LANG=en_US.UTF-8
setfont /usr/share/consolefonts/LatGrkCyr-8x16.psfu.gz

- το Vim ειναι μεταφρασμενο με υποστηριξη multi byte. Ενεργοποιω ενα keymap, π.χ.

set keymap=greek

και αυτο ηταν!

Επιπλεον στο framebuffer εχουμε τα εξης ωραια:

* πολυ χωρο για κειμενο
* εμφανιση εικονων με το προγραμμα fbi του πακετου fbida
* παιξιμο αρχειων βιντεο με mplayer -vo fbdev

Οποτε γιατι να εκαταστησουμε τα Xorg; 😉

Πως ενεργοποιησα το framebuffer. Τσεκαρα πρωτα οτι ο πυρηνας του gentoo υποστηριζει framebuffer, αλλιως θα επρεπε να το φορτωσω. Κατω απο τη γραμμη που φορτωνει την πυρηνα στο grub (απο το Arch) προσθεσα την εξης γραμμη:

set gfxpayload="1366x768x32"

και επαναφορτωσα τον boot loader. Την αναλυση αν δεν την ξερουμε, την βρισκουμε με την εντολη vbeinfo στο μενου του grub.

OS Installation Marathon

Since last week I have started an OS installation marathon. I am trying several operating systems on my disk or on Virtualbox. I will write in one of the next posts about the several experiences. Until now I have installed next to my primary Arch Linux installation: on Disk (extra partitions): Gentoo, OpenSuSE, Debian, Fedora, Mint; on Virtualbox: Haiku, OpenIndiana. Pending: Slackware.

--Edited with Vim through w3m on Gentoo.

absorbing states in the software I use

Absorbing states in Markov chains are states, that cannot be left once entered. As in physics of black holes, a "point of no return".

There are many such states in my life with respect to software. After working on this and that, I found a programme that attracted me for ever (at least until now). For example:

Mail User Agent: I went through Outlook Express, Netscape, kmail until I got to know mutt.

Editor: notepad → kwrite → emacs → vim/gvim.

Internet Browser: internet explorer → netscape → seamonkey → opera → mozilla firefox.

OS I have worked on: DOS → NeXT → SG → Windows 98 → Mac → Windows XP → Linux.

Now I feel that something similar happens with the Linux Distribution I got to know. After wandering with SuSE → Debian → SuSE → Gentoo → SuSE, I landed on Arch. And I think that I will never leave.

The reason for these states being absorbing is not only that they enhanced my existing tools, but that they revealed and keep revealing to me possibilities, that I couldn't even think of.

beeps again

I changed the structure of the beep fortune cookie. I use now the Audio::Beep which permits lilypond syntax and I used the idea from the best answer from this post to select a random perl beep file. Now my beep fortune works like this:

1) Have all beep perl files in a directory, e.g. ~/beep/

2) Run this bash script:

/usr/bin/perl `printf "%s\n" "${files[RANDOM % ${#files[@]}]}"`

Now, every time my computer starts, I listen to a random selected beep melody. It's awesome! Every day I will write a new melody mainly from the classical repertory and put it in my beep repository (but also from medieval and folk music). After I will have many of them (only music allowing free reproduction), I will publish them for download.

Maybe I will write some original compositions as well! Well, that's interesting!...

And for the fans of the internal speaker, here is my beep of the week:

use Audio::Beep;
my $beeper = Audio::Beep->new();
print "J.S.Bach: Concert for Harspichord and Strings in d minor\n";
my $music = << 'EOS';
d16 e f8 e d a' d4 a8
bes g16 e  a8 f16 d  g8 e16 cis a8 bes'4
g16 e a,8 cis'4 bes16 g a,8 e''4 cis16 a bes g a f g e f d
e cis d b cis a b cis d e f g a bes c8
c16 d es8 fis, g cis, d gis, r a r d, r
$beeper->play( $music );

fortune cookie with internal pc speaker

If you have the programmes strfile, fortune and beep, you can have fortune cookies with music coming out of your pc speaker!

Here is how it goes.

1) Create a file, say MyMusicCookies, with some beep melodies, separated by %, see for example one previous post here.

2) run
strfile MyMusicCookies MyMusicCookies.dat

3) enjoy a random music piece with
fortune MyMusicCookies | bash

You can also make a mixed file with text and beep music and let yourself be surprised!

Have fun!

UPDATE: And if you use Arch Linux, then you can activate your fortune-music player on boot by writing a file as


with a content like

Description=Set boot music

ExecStart=/usr/bin/fortune /directory/to/MyMusicCookies | /bin/bash


and activating it with

systemctl enable boot-music


ενημέρωση arch: φοβερή μετάφραση!

Χα χα, καλα, ο πακμαν εγραψε σημερα (τελευταία σειρα: Η μεταφραση!):

# pacman -Syu
:: Συγχρονισμός βάσης πακέτων...
core ενημερωμένο
extra ενημερωμένο
community ενημερωμένο
multilib ενημερωμένο
:: Έναρξη πλήρους αναβάθμισης συστήματος...
ουδέν πρακτέον

arch log #2

Installed slrn, rdesktop, beep (I love the PC speaker!)

Here is a melody I wrote quickly to test it:


case $1 in
"C" ) freq=261.6;;
"Cis") freq=277.2;;
"D" ) freq=293.7;;
"Dis") freq=311.1;;
"Es") freq=311.1;;
"E" ) freq=329.6;;
"F" ) freq=349.2;;
"Fis") freq=370.0;;
"G" ) freq=392.0;;
"Gis") freq=415.3;;
"A" ) freq=440.0;;
"Ais") freq=466.2;;
"B") freq=466.2;;
"H" ) freq=493.9;;
"c" ) freq=523.2;;
*) freq=1;;
if [ "$2" != "" ]; then dur=$2; else dur=250; fi
beep -f $freq -l $dur

note 0 500
note Es
note D
note D 500
note Es
note D
note D 500
note Es
note D
note D 500
note B 500
note 0 500
note B
note A
note G 500
note G
note F
note Es 500
note Es
note D
note C 500
note C 500